Science & Mathematics – The Citadel Today Thu, 17 Sep 2020 19:20:36 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Science & Mathematics – The Citadel Today 32 32 144096890 My ring story: Don’t tell me I can’t do it Thu, 17 Sep 2020 18:00:00 +0000 This is a group of people who have become family to me. This picture was taken after our first SMI. First Row Left to Right Alfred Gregg, Desmond Lewis, Ruby Bolden, Myself, Dennis Hathorn, Jacob True, Kienen Holmes. Second Row Olivia HimeThis is a group of people who have become family to me. This picture was taken after our first SMI. First Row Left to Right Alfred Gregg, Desmond Lewis, Ruby Bolden, Myself, Dennis Hathorn, Jacob True, Kienen Holmes. Second Row Olivia Hime"When people back home heard that I was thinking about going to a military college they kept telling me that I wasn’t going to make it."]]> This is a group of people who have become family to me. This picture was taken after our first SMI. First Row Left to Right Alfred Gregg, Desmond Lewis, Ruby Bolden, Myself, Dennis Hathorn, Jacob True, Kienen Holmes. Second Row Olivia HimeThis is a group of people who have become family to me. This picture was taken after our first SMI. First Row Left to Right Alfred Gregg, Desmond Lewis, Ruby Bolden, Myself, Dennis Hathorn, Jacob True, Kienen Holmes. Second Row Olivia Hime

Zachary Joseph Henriquez, Staten Island, New York, ’21

Photo above: “This is a group of people who have become family to me. This picture was taken after our first SMI this semester.” Left to Right: Alfred Gregg, Desmond Lewis, Ruby Bolden, me, Dennis Hathorn, Jacob True, Kienen Holmes. Front: Olivia Hime.

Who or what inspired you to attend The Citadel?

It was not a “who” that inspired me to attend The Citadel but, a “what.” When people back home heard that I was thinking about going to a military college they kept telling me that I wasn’t going to make it, and I think that that was one of the biggest driving factors. I feel when someone tells me that I can’t do something or can’t make it through something, then I have to prove them wrong. I show them just how strong I am.

What was the most difficult obstacle you conquered that made you feel you earned the honor of wearing the ring?

I’m originally from Staten Island, New York, so that is 745 miles away from the front gates of The Citadel. Being so far from home and out of my comfort zone was only made worse by that fact that I was 10 hours and 47 minutes away from my family and if anything happened, I would not be able to get there in time.

A few months before I graduated high school my uncle was diagnosed with liver cancer. We were very very close. After I matriculated, there was one thought always on my mind: will I get to say goodbye to him? We knobs made it to Thanksgiving and I was able to go home. I was extremely happy to spend the holiday with him. He passed away during winter furlough and being away from family after losing a close family member was the toughest thing ever and sometimes, I thought I wouldn’t make it through, but I did. Knowing that I made it through what was probably one of the most difficult things in my life, and stayed on track, makes me confident I earned the honor of wearing the ring.

In what ways has this institution impacted your life?

I have met people who have become great friends, mentors, and family. I would probably never change this experience for anything. I have learned so much in these past years that I would never learn elsewhere.

What is inscribed on the inside of your ring and what is the significance?

On the inside of my ring it says “And still, I rise, ” a quote from poet and philosopher Maya Angelou. I chose this quote because one thing that I have held onto is no matter what you face, it’s not the end. After losing my uncle to liver cancer my freshman year, I found in my junior year that my aunt had breast cancer. I thought it was the end of the world. I was lucky enough to have my closest friends to lean on. I went from thinking it was the end of the world to knowing that no matter what comes my way, it will not stop me.

When you put your ring on your finger, what will you be thinking about being a cadet?

Of course, I will remember all the stuff from knob year, but I will never forget the people here. They are what make everything worth it. I think one of the scariest parts about this year is knowing that soon, I won’t be able to see some of these people everyday who have become like family.

What is a song that describes your emotions leading up to Ring Day?

“Started from the bottom” by Drake. We all started this as knobs, at the very bottom of the totem pole, and now we are the seniors that run the Corps.

You are connected to Alumni, not only through your Citadel Experience but through the wearing of the ring. How does that make you feel?

Knowing that I’m connected to the people that came before me is amazing. Knowing that I will now wear the same ring, alongside the people that I looked up to before, makes me even more proud of this accomplishment.

Why do you think it is important that cadets and/or people in general understand the symbolism and weight that the ring holds?

It is important for cadets to understand the elements in the ring that we wear. It symbolizes a bond. We have all been molded, bent and shaped to be the men and women we now are. The weight of the ring is like the weight of the standards the school has set; we must carry them everywhere we go.

Henriquez is a Health and Exercise Science major.

Note: This is the first in a series stories intended to show the different journeys members of The Citadel Class of 2021 have undertaken to earn their bands of gold. The Regimental Public Affairs team, Cadet Ruby Bolden, public affairs officer, and Cadet Samantha Walton, public affairs NCO sent a list of questions to participating cadets. These are the resulting stories.

This is me as a knob during my first week, with Marcus Milhouse who graduated in 2019. He was my cadre squad leader and my mentor.
Two Citadel cadets earn Women in Defense scholarships Fri, 28 Aug 2020 20:20:28 +0000 The Women in Defense Palmetto Chapter is pleased to announce Cadets Lillian Layden and Catherine Guenther as the awardees of its 2020 STEM Scholarship.]]>

Note: The Women in Defense Palmetto Chapter awards two scholarships annually to women studying a STEM discipline; this year, Citadel cadets earned them both

From the Women in Defense Palmetto Chapter

The Women in Defense (WID) Palmetto Chapter is pleased to announce Lillian Layden and Catherine Guenther as the awardees of its 2020 Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) Scholarship.

Layden is a senior at The Citadel and a Computer Science and German double major with minors in Cybersecurity and Fine Arts. She is a member of the U.S. Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC). Layden is contracted through the U. S. Air Force and will be commissioned upon graduation.

Guenther is a sophomore at The Citadel. She is pursuing a degree in Mechanical Engineering and is a member of the U.S. Air Force ROTC.

The WID Palmetto Chapter’s STEM Scholarship is an annual award for women attending South Carolina colleges or universities pursuing degrees in STEM fields. Two annual scholarships of up to $2,500 are available, one of which is reserved for a veteran/member of the military/ROTC participant. Scholarship awards are made according to financial need, academic achievement, faculty recommendation, recognition and honors, activities, and personal essay.

The WID Palmetto Chapter, based in Charleston, S.C., was founded March 13, 2009. Their goal is to provide networking and professional development opportunities to promote advancement and recognition of women in national defense and security, to support military service members, and to encourage partnerships between the local contractor community and Department of Defense agencies.

Introducing nine new Swain School of Science and Mathematics professors Mon, 17 Aug 2020 20:02:09 +0000 ouis Brems - The Citadel 2017-18 SY, Math Lab, Mobius Shapes, Classroom, Rigo Flores,ouis Brems - The Citadel 2017-18 SY, Math Lab, Mobius Shapes, Classroom, Rigo Flores,The Swain School of Science and Mathematics welcomes nine new faculty members for the 2020-2021 academic year.]]> ouis Brems - The Citadel 2017-18 SY, Math Lab, Mobius Shapes, Classroom, Rigo Flores,ouis Brems - The Citadel 2017-18 SY, Math Lab, Mobius Shapes, Classroom, Rigo Flores,

Above Photo: Citadel Mathematics professor, Dr. Rigoberto Florez, teaching a class in 2018

The Swain School of Science and Mathematics is comprised of seven departments: Biology, Chemistry, Cyber and Computer Sciences, Health and Human Performance, Mathematical Sciences Nursing and Physics.

Under the leadership of Dean Darin Zimmerman, Ph.D., the school has more than 50 tenured/tenure-track faculty and about 425 cadet majors. The school also offers 15 master’s degree level programs and certificates (non-cadet), as part of The Citadel Graduate College.

The Swain School of Science and Mathematics welcomes nine new faculty members for the 2020-2021 academic year.

Department of Chemistry

Robert Granger, Ph.D., professor and department head

Granger is an inorganic/analytical chemist with a background in laser spectroscopy and electrochemistry and joins The Citadel as the new head for the Department of Chemistry. He is the lead author of a nationally bestselling textbook on Instrumental Analysis (Oxford University Press).

Granger’s research interests include transition metal chemotherapeutic drug design and the study of electrocatalysis as it pertains to carbon-carbon bond formation (i.e. artificial photosynthesis). He holds a Ph.D. in Analytical/Inorganic Chemistry from Purdue University.

Read more about Granger here.

Megan Moyer, Ph.D.

With prior experience teaching chemistry at Carthage College, and as a teacher’s assistant at Colorado School of Mines, Moyer has taught General Chemistry 1 and 2 with associated labs. She is a member of the American Chemical Society and holds Ph.D. in Applied Chemistry from the Colorado School of Mines.

Moyer has a history of volunteerism including for summer STEM camps for girls. Moyer was awarded Most Outstanding Teaching Assistant in Chemistry (2018) and Catalysis Symposium Top Presenter (2018).

Read more about Moyer here.

Department of Cyber and Computer Sciences

Computer Science class taught by Dr. Michael Verdicchio, 2017

Prosenjit Chatterjee, Ph.D.

Chatterjee holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro. His specialization includes computer vision, deep learning, neural networks, data analytics, data mining, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. Chatterjee’s research centers on human face, iris based biometric authentication, and behavioral biometrics-based authentication.

Chatterjee has almost six years of teaching experience in different organizations and institutions and more than eight years of industry experience in software industry. He worked as a senior software engineer, database administrator, quality assurance team lead, and business enabler with the world’s leading banking and financial sectors such as Credit Suisse, Bank of New York Mellon (BNYM), and Wells Fargo. Chatterjee was the senior developer in the insurance vertical giant MetLife, John Hancock.

Department of Physics

Scott Curtis, III, Ph.D., John Lining Professor of Physics
Director for the Lt. Col. James B. Near Jr., ’77, Center for Climate Studies

Curtis joins The Citadel as the director for the new Lt. Col. James B. Near Jr., ’77, Center for Climate Studies. The center is under development, and was recently named for Near, who passed away in March of 2020, an alumnus, veteran and physics professor.

Curtis joins The Citadel from East Carolina University (ECU), in North Carolina, where he was titled Distinguished Professor in the Natural Sciences and Mathematics. During his time at ECU he acquired close to $1.4 million in grants and fellowships. Additionally, Curtis has authored more than 150 books, book chapters, peer-reviewed journal articles and scientific white papers for presentations. He is engaged frequently to speak around the nation on issues including climate change, coastal water hazards and flooding. Curtis has participated as an editor for five scientific journals.

Curtis’s research centers on tropical climate variability with an emphasis on precipitation and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation. He earned a Ph.D. and a Master of Science, both in Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences, from the University of Wisconsin. Some of his distinctions include named Center for Sustainability Outstanding Affiliate Faculty Member from ECU, and the Southeastern Division of the Association of American Geographers Research Award.

Kaelyn Leake, Ph.D.

Leake holds a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from the University of California. She earned a Bachelors of Science degree in Engineering Science and Physics from Sweet Briar College in Virginia. Prior to joining The Citadel, Leake taught Dynamics and Kinematics, Electrical Circuits, Modern Electronic Technology, How it Works, Designing a Sustainable Future, and Properties of Materials at Sweet Briar.

Leake has received several awards, including Outstanding TA Award, University of California, Santa Cruz, 2013-2014, and the QB3 Keck Fellowship, University of California, Santa Cruz, 2009-2010.

Read more about Leake here.

Hank Yochum, Ph.D.
Professor and Department Head

Yochum joins The Citadel as professor and Physics Department head from Sweet Briar Collage where he worked for 18 years as a professor. He was also as associate dean for Academic Affairs, and the director for The Margaret Jones Wyllie ’45 Engineering Program, which was ABET accredited.

Prior to becoming a professor, Yochum was an engineer with Lucent Technologies/OFS Specialty Photonics. His research interests include matter physics and nanotechnology, including nano structured optical devices.

Yochum earned his Ph.D. in Physics from Wake Forrest University in 1999. He returns to Charleston, working not far from his alma mater, The College of Charleston, where he obtained a Bachelor of Science in Physics.

Department of Mathematical Sciences

Cadets in a Math lab working on Mobius strips, in 2018.

Jeff Lyons, Ph.D.

Lyons teaching expertise ranges from College Algebra, Pre-calculus, Trigonometry and Calculus to Applied Engineering Math and Differential Equations. He joins The Citadel following visiting professorships at Trinity University and University of Hawaii. Before that he was a professor at Nova Southeastern University.

Some of Lyons publications include An Application of the Layered Compression-Expansion Fixed Point Theorem to a Fractional Boundary Value Problem (2019) in the Panamerican Mathematical Journal, and Two Point Fractional Boundary Value Problems with a Fractional Boundary Condition (2018) in the Fractional Calculus and Applied Analysis. He participated as a presenter in a virtual conference in 2020 for the Recent Advances in Differential and Difference Equations and Their Applications.

Lyons earned his Ph.D. in 2011 from Baylor University, where he also earned a Master and Bachelor of Science in Mathematics.

Swain Department of Nursing

Holly Donahue, instructor

PHoto of Holly Donahue, a nursing instructor at The Citadel.

Donahue is originally from LaGrange, Georgia and now resides in the Charleston area. She is a graduate of Columbus State University where she earned her Master in Science degree with a major in Nursing Education in 2019. She earned her Bachelor of Science in Nursing from LaGrange College in 2015.

Before joining the Swain Department of Nursing, she served as the emergency department clinical educator at Trident Medical Center for the last year and a half. As a relatively new nurse educator, she is enthusiastic and passionate about nursing education and looking forward to contributing to the growth of the nursing department and future generation of nursing leaders.

Leonora Horton, Ph.D.

Horton is a graduate of the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) where she earned a Ph.D. in Nursing/Clinical Research. Her Master of Science degree was obtained from Columbia University NYC with a major in Nurse-Midwifery.

Horton has been practicing clinically for more than 35 years. She was a nurse-midwife for 30 years in which time she has held both administrative and faculty roles for MUSC. Her teaching experience includes the education of students of nursing, nurse-midwifery, physician assistants, and medical students as well as first and second year OB/GYN residents. She was the immediate past Nurse Midwifery program director at MUSC.

In addition, Norton the held the position of Doctor of Nursing Practice Program Director for South University Online as an associate professor. Her teaching expertise for South University included Research Methods, Women’s Health, Organization and Systems Leadership Nursing, DNP Field Experiences, and DNP Scholarly Project Courses.

Some of Horton’s achievements include the 2011 and 2012 Golden Lamp Teaching Award and the 2010 Outstanding Clinical Faculty Award.

Read more about Horton here.

Ctiadel cadet nursing majors learning from Dr. James Pelletier in simulation lab
Citadel cadet nursing majors learning from Dr. James Pelletier in simulation lab in 2019

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The Citadel’s commitment to elevating education throughout South Carolina continues Thu, 30 Jul 2020 23:00:49 +0000 Hundreds of K-12 teachers in South Carolina will be better prepared to educate students in the fall after learning new techniques through the STEM Center.]]>

Photo: South Carolina educators participating in a small session during Computer Science Professional Development Week

College’s STEM Center of Excellence prepares K-12 teachers for enhanced instruction 

When school resumes, hundreds of K-12 teachers in South Carolina will be better prepared to educate their students, whether it be face-to-face, virtually or a combination of the two.

Those teachers will integrate new techniques and concepts into their lessons, learned over the summer from The Citadel’s STEM Center of Excellence (SCE).

In addition to supporting Citadel cadets and students, the SCE serves as a community resource, holding numerous educational events for children annually and providing robust professional development programs for K-12 STEM teachers.

In July, more than 400 teachers participated in two, week-long workshops presented by the SCE. Both were originally planned to be held on campus, but were moved to a virtual format in response to the pandemic.

The goal of both workshops: help teachers inspire and prepare more South Carolina students to pursue STEM-related careers.

Addressing the shortage of computer science teachers

The first workshop involved the SCE’s ongoing work to increase the number of computer science teachers in South Carolina schools.

The SCE offered computer science professional development for nearly 250 teachers, with the goal of ensuring that every high school, and most middle schools, have at least one dedicated computer science teacher.

The South Carolina Department of Education selected the SCE to provide instruction in response to new, stricter guidelines about computer science requirements in South Carolina public high schools.

A teacher using the kits, provided by the STEM Center, to learn about computer science during the Computer Science Professional Development Week

“Now that a keyboarding class no longer counts as computer science credit, 436 high schools have to be able to teach in-depth computer science,” said Jennifer Albert, Ph.D., director of the The Citadel STEM Center of Excellence. “We’ve been working the last two summers with the Department of Education to make sure all of those teachers have the training and the certification needed to teach those classes.”

The experience was free for teachers, thanks to the funding from the state’s Department of Education, as well as a grant from the CS Teachers’ Association.

Infusing computing

The second workshop, held the last week of July, represented the final stage of a multi-million-dollar National Science Foundation grant awarded to the SCE, and project collaborators at North Carolina State University. The goal of the STEM+Computing project was aimed at helping teachers integrate computing and STEM curricula into their classes.

Nearly 200 teachers participated in the event, learning how to blend computational thinking — a problem-solving method that describes problems and their solutions in ways that a computer would understand — into their educational content.

Providing the workshop virtually didn’t faze the SCE director.

“We’ve had to restructure everything get the same, small-group, personal feel,” said Albert. “We had to almost triple the number of session facilitators that we hired this year, because we want them in small groups so they have the same amount of attention that they would have face-to-face.”

In fact, the SCE’s methods for adjusting to a virtual format, as well as more information on the workshop, is included on page 59 of a recent publication in the Journal of Technology and Teacher Education.

The SCE is a collaborative effort between The Citadel’s Zucker Family School of Education, the School of Engineering, and the Swain Family School of Science and Mathematics. It delivers outreach initiatives, like Storm The Citadel and more, to increase student interest, participation, and opportunities in the STEM disciplines.

Unfit to Serve Thu, 02 Jul 2020 16:36:45 +0000 Tactical Performance and ResiliencyTactical Performance and ResiliencyFull and partial scholarships are now available to support graduate students wishing to enroll in The Citadel's tactical performance and resiliency program.]]> Tactical Performance and ResiliencyTactical Performance and Resiliency

Many U.S citizens who want to join the military are turned away because they’re not physically fit. Others are turned away because they’re not mentally fit. The two go hand in hand, according to Dr. Dan Bornstein, a professor of exercise science in the Department of Health and Human Performance. Bornstein, who launched the Center for Performance, Readiness, Resiliency and Recovery (CPR3) at The Citadel, states “we are at a crisis in this country where nearly seventy-five percent of Americans of military age are ineligible to serve in the military, and the largest reason is that they’re either too fat, too unfit or both.” 

In addition, the U.S. Army is preparing to ramp up its physical fitness standards with its new Army Combat Fitness test, which may make it even harder to find qualified recruits. According to a study led by Bornstein in collaboration with the U.S. Army Public Health Center and the American Heart Association, this will become exponentially hard in the south which delivers the highest number of recruits to the military yet has a higher percentage of obesity and is collectively more unfit than the rest of the country.

Dr. Bornstein has strong convictions regarding physical and mental fitness and the dual role they play in our national security. “Part of the reason I came to The Citadel is that it’s a military college. I felt that by being here, where leadership is central to the mission of the college, I would have the opportunity to collaborate with others in demonstrating the importance of physical, mental and psychological fitness. These issues are critical not only for the health of our population, but also for the safety and security of our state and nation.”

Bornstein has had his own personal experiences early in life to draw upon and has since conducted an abundance of research over the years to get him where he is today, which is the authority for addressing fitness-related problems at each phase of the military pipeline from recruitment to basic training to active duty to veteran status. Bornstein has worked with the U.S. Army Public Health Center to help identify the problems of low fitness on military readiness, but he has also worked to help solve the problem by working with commandant’s office at The Citadel, as well as the department of athletics to create a physical readiness officer program that enables cadets to assist other cadets in improving the physical training program. He’s also conducted several research studies in collaboration with the psychology department regarding the linkage between mental and psychological fitness and physiology.

“We have an obligation to graduate men and women who have the drive to maintain not only their own fitness and health, but that of their families, co-workers and communities.  We are poised to help lead the way in solving some of the most pressing fitness, health and security issues of our time.  If The Citadel’s not going to lead the way in improving the fitness of tomorrow’s leaders as well as today’s military personnel, veterans and first responders, then who will?”

Bornstein is committed to helping The Citadel become the solution to the problem.  One way he is doing this is by developing academic programs that prepare individuals to become leaders in ensuring the fitness of tactical athletes. Tactical athletes include first responders, such as firefighters and police officers, as well as military personnel. Fitness for tactical athletes is a lot more than physical fitness, it’s also psychological. And unlike sport athletes who train for wins and losses on the field or court, tactical athletes train for life or death.

These academic programs were developed in response to the public and private sectors experiencing a rapidly growing demand for properly-educated tactical fitness professionals–from military service members, as well as first responders who’ve had a taste of military culture–to train other military service members, firefighters, law enforcement officers and veterans on how to become and stay ready to serve their communities and nation.

One of these programs is a Master of Science in Health, Exercise and Sport Science with a concentration in Tactical Performance and Resiliency. This on campus program is conferred by the Department of Health and Human Performance and delivers the ideal educational platform for qualified candidates looking to gain hands-on experience training a tactical unit. Students will learn advanced methods for developing and delivering holistic fitness programs to improve the performance and resiliency of warfighters, firefighters, and crime fighters, while understanding the physical and psychological underpinnings of performance.

Students in this program will complete over 300 hours of hands-on, face-to-face coaching of tactical teams under the guidance of faculty and staff. And they will receive critical feedback on their abilities to develop, execute, and evaluate programs for tactical athletes. Though graduate students are not cadets and do not live a military lifestyle, they get a chance to immerse themselves in a military culture that will translate into working more effectively in other military or paramilitary settings.

Students will learn from the best and complete their education with a preparedness to apply, design and deliver optimum tactical training programs while gaining a competitive edge in advancing their careers.

Full and partial scholarships are now available to support graduate students wishing to earn their degree in tactical performance and resiliency. Scholarship applications are due no later than July 31, 2020.

Closing the Cybersecurity Skills Gap Mon, 29 Jun 2020 22:18:39 +0000 Graduate Certificate in CybersecurityGraduate Certificate in CybersecurityThe demand for Cybersecurity professionals in the government and industry are more than the graduates that we are producing. The Citadel's Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity prepares you to play a critical role in the world of Internet security. ]]> Graduate Certificate in CybersecurityGraduate Certificate in Cybersecurity

So much of our daily lives rely on technology. Almost everything we do is surrounded by tech both personally, at work and globally. Personal property like your smartphone, your vehicle, Google Home or Alexa and even the thermostat on your wall, are susceptible to an information breach of your private life.  These threats are real and can cause a huge disruption.  Think about how much technology you rely on and how much of your personal information is stored across all your devices.  Cybersecurity can often be taken for granted.

The Department of Homeland Security describes cybersecurity as the art of protecting networks, devices, and data from unauthorized access or criminal use and the practice of ensuring confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information.

According to the New York Times, an estimated 3.5 million cybersecurity jobs will be available in the year 2021, with many of these positions lacking employees.  As we continue to face threats from criminal cyber-attacks, public concern continues to grow.  It is crucial to devote proper training to existing staff on what actions should be taken to prevent attacks.  So, what is being done to assure we are ready for the new threats that face us?

The proper skill set needed to protect our future begins with The Citadel’s Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity. “The demand for Cybersecurity professionals in the government and the industry are more than the graduates that we are producing. Students will learn the necessary cybersecurity skillset from this certificate program to fill up this gap”, says Dr. Shankar Banik, Professor and Head of Department of Cyber and Computer Sciences at The Citadel. This certificate prepares you to play a critical role in the world of Internet security.

Our nation’s leaders recognize cybersecurity as a national imperative, and there is an immediate need for cybersecurity workforce development in the Lowcountry.  Major employers of computing professionals and the defense and business industry in the Charleston region are increasingly interested in employees specializing in cybersecurity. The Citadel has been named a National Center of Academic Excellence in Cyber Defense Education by the United States Department of Homeland Security and National Security Agency adding to their credibility in this evolving technology field.

Learning Outcomes

The Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity prepares you to play a critical role in the world of Internet security. By the end of this program, students will be able to:

  1. Describe basic components of cybersecurity
  2. Characterize the security profile of different types of networks
  3. Analyze and use classical and public key cryptography algorithms
  4. Secure a system from different kinds of attacks
  5. Analyze security of a cybersystem and perform risk assessment
  6. Discuss legal and ethical issues relating to cybersecurity

Apply today and make a difference in combating cyber criminals. 

New honors for the Swain Department of Nursing Mon, 29 Jun 2020 17:58:47 +0000 Swain Department of Nursing at The Citadel stethoscopeSwain Department of Nursing at The Citadel stethoscopeThe Citadel's nursing program is being recognized for its excellence by being invited to join the premier nursing honor society, Sigma Theta Tau.]]> Swain Department of Nursing at The Citadel stethoscopeSwain Department of Nursing at The Citadel stethoscope

The Citadel’s Swain Department of Nursing is being recognized for its excellence by being invited to join the premier nursing honor society, Sigma Theta Tau.

The organization, dedicated to developing nurse leaders and improving healthcare, accepts nursing students who demonstrate excellence in scholarship and to nurse leaders exhibiting exceptional achievements in the field.

“This is a huge and important step for our program and our students and graduates,” said Amelia Joseph, Ph.D., nurse administrator for the Swain Department of Nursing. “It’s a recognition of our outstanding students; an invitation to join Sigma Theta Tau is an immense honor that is limited to the best and the brightest.”

Graduates and rising-senior students who meet the qualifications will be inducted into the honor society.

The Citadel will be joining the Medical University of South Carolina and Charleston Southern University as a member of the Gamma Omicron-at-Large Chapter, based here in the Charleston area. The formal chartering ceremony date is still being determined, with the goal of being held in the fall.

The Citadel offers cadets and veteran students a traditional four-year bachelor’s degree in nursing, while an evening completion program is offered for students who have completed the required general education and prerequisite courses at another institution. The Citadel offers the only evening bachelor of science in nursing program in the Lowcountry.

Former Citadel students look to make 3D printing accessible Fri, 26 Jun 2020 10:00:14 +0000 Ethan Warner and Benjamin Scott founded Evolve 3D to streamline 3D printing and make an otherwise expensive printer more affordable and accessible.]]>

Photo: Ethan Warner and Benjamin Scott, who founded Evolve 3D, were biology majors at The Citadel who participated in the Baker Business Bowl VI

As seen in The Index-Journal and Stars & Stripes, by Jonathan Limehouse

Ethan Warner and Benjamin Scott founded Evolve 3D to streamline 3D printing and make an otherwise expensive printer more affordable and accessible.

“A lot of people right now don’t think of the 3D printer as something they can have in their home,” Warner said. “They see it as something very complicated, but we can simplify the process and bring it into the home.”

Warner, 22, and Scott, 21, were biology majors at The Citadel, and they bonded over the amount of fun they weren’t having in one of their biology classes together. Warner did not anticipate even working with 3D printers, while Scott’s uncle’s interest in 3D printing influenced him to research more about it.

“The ability to make anything with a 3D printer really amazed me,” he said.

It took Scott a while to buy a 3D printer because one can cost anywhere from $1,500 to $100,000, but he managed to get one for his 21st birthday. After a while, he decided to tinker and ultimately upgrade it because he wanted to print using different types of filaments, which are slender threadlike materials that 3D printers use to create three-dimensional objects. Filaments have separate properties that vary in abrasiveness, so 3D printers use different nozzles to print various types of filaments.

“I wanted a system where I could switch out between nozzles,” he said. “I also wanted a system where if wanted to put a laser on the 3D printer then I could, so I could do laser engraving too.”

Scott’s idea began with him duct taping a laser to the extruder head on the printer, and it would move in an XYZ direction. Since he lived with college friends last summer who smoked JUULs, he decided to laser engrave their pods for them.

“They thought it was awesome until the duct tape holding the laser failed and it started shooting around the room,” he said.

The duct tape failing might have been for the best because it led to him trying to create a system, which turned out to be a 3D printer adapter that allows him to switch between nozzles and laser engraving. The universal adapter is currently patent-pending, and it will let the 3D printer print in virtually any type of material, and they can also adjust the resolution of the print by adjusting the diameter of the extruding nozzle. When Scott returned to college after the summer, a friend of his suggested he start a company, and that’s how Evolve 3D began.

From there, Warner joined Scott and the two entered the Baker Business Bowl at The Citadel and were the youngest people ever to be accepted into the Harbor Accelerator program in Charleston. Scott credits their time in the accelerator program — they finished in third place — with teaching them the ins and outs of business and how to develop a concept and make it into something real.

“The product has kind of just evolved more and more until we are where we are today,” he said.

Their concept is now real and working, and the team’s end goal is to bring the 3D printing manufacturing process into the home. Scott said the U.S. sees a lot of reliance in China to import 3D printing parts, and it’s not necessarily because they are good parts, but it’s because they are cheap.

“I believe if you’re able to make these parts yourself then that would lessen the reliance on China,” he said. “Right now, you can print soft plastics, but the issue is getting it to the level where you’re printing abrasive plastics.”

“Right now if you wanted to print in every single type of filament then that’s going to be like 10 different printers. Instead, it would make a lot more sense if you could have one machine that can print in any material and allows you to make anything from your desktop from your house. That’s the vision.”

To make their vision a reality, Scott moved in with Warner’s family in Greenwood so they could work on their company together. Scott said it’s been cool living with Warners, and he even thinks they treat him like he’s their favorite child. Warner’s father got the two a workspace at Emerald Ink and Stitches after he spoke with the owner, Steven Riley. They initially were going to move into a little house and “rough it,” but Riley offered his old office space in the back of the shop to them.

To expand on their vision, the two hope to start a YouTube channel that will consist of tutorials and cool experiments that they believe will inspire others to get into 3D printing.

“We’re passionate about 3D printing and we want to share that passion with everyone else,” Scott said. “Hopefully we will capture the imagination of the next, or current generations, and encourage them to get into the awesome world of 3D printing.”

A select group of people that the two hope to interest are soon to be Citadel graduates because they want to do all their manufacturing in house. Scott said the beauty of being a 3D printing company is that they can print the majority of their 3D printers. All these components are designed and printed in house by them. They manufacture their own parts, assemble their own machines and test their own machines.

“Bringing that manufacturing system would probably bring a lot of jobs as we grow, so it will help Greenwood’s economy in the long run,” Warner said.

Even though they will be able to manufacture their own printers, Scott said they will need builders, customer support operators, inventors and engineers to function as a full-fledged company.

The two put in for the patent for the universal adapter two months ago, but in the meantime, they will continue to work on their printers with the anticipation of a soft launch on Sept. 1. The printer will cost about $2,750, and they hope to sell them on their website and through word of mouth.

“The hope is that we’re going to have such an awesome 3D printer that people are going to be recommending it to other people,” Scott said.

The two were also involved with MUSC and The Citadel when they printed 3D masks for health care professionals. Scott thought the whole experience highlighted a need for easily accessible 3D printing, noting that it could be lifesaving. With Evolve 3D’s printer, he said someone could make a 3D mask with the correct materials and have the best possible mask at their fingertips.

“It could potentially save your life, your kid’s life and your family’s life,” he said.

Warner thinks it is ironic how they got into 3D printing, but he said it’s a passion that they can both get behind.

“Ben and I feel the same way about this,” he said. “It doesn’t feel like work because we’re coming in, just enjoying ourselves and being productive by working on our machines. It doesn’t feel like a job, it feels more like a hobby that we’re building into an empire.”

Future federal cyber warriors selected for Citadel’s CyberCorps program Mon, 15 Jun 2020 14:35:39 +0000 Citadel_Cyber_SecurityCitadel_Cyber_SecurityFirst S.C. CyberCorps Scholarship for Service cadets selected to begin program this fall Four cadets at The Citadel will complete their junior and senior years as South Carolina’s first CyberCorps®]]> Citadel_Cyber_SecurityCitadel_Cyber_Security

First S.C. CyberCorps Scholarship for Service cadets selected to begin program this fall

Four cadets at The Citadel will complete their junior and senior years as South Carolina’s first CyberCorps® scholars. Cadets Andrew Lindenmeyer, Shiloh Smiles, Philip Quinn and Ashley Ruiz were selected as the college’s first participants in The Citadel’s CyberCorps® Scholarship for Service program.

“Being selected means that I will have a chance to apply my knowledge and passion for computer science and cybersecurity to a cause bigger than myself— national defense,” said Cadet Shiloh Smiles Smiles of Shepherdstown, West Virginia, upon learning she was selected. “I am honored and excited to be a part of the first cohort of this new program.”

Earlier this year, The Citadel was awarded a $2.8 million National Science Foundation (NSF) grant – the largest federal grant in the college’s history – to create the state’s first CyberCorps® Scholarship for Service program. It is intended to educate the next generation principled leaders who will protect America in cyberspace.

“These cadets were selected for their professionalism and commitment to the field of cybersecurity, as well as their passion to serve our nation,” said Shankar Banik, Ph.D., professor and head of the Department of Cyber and Computer Sciences and the principal investigator for The Citadel’s CyberCorps® project.

The program is designed to recruit and train cybersecurity professionals to meet the needs of federal, state, local, and tribal government organizations. The program provides scholarships for undergraduate students pursuing a major in Computer Science, Intelligence and Security Studies, or Criminal Justice with a minor in Cybersecurity. Scholarship recipients will then pursue employment with a government entity in a cybersecurity-related position.

“This grant is a recognition of The Citadel’s uniqueness where principled leadership education is blended with multi-disciplinary Cybersecurity education. The CyberCorps® Scholarship for Service program at The Citadel will provide a steady supply of leaders for the government over the next several years, “said Banik. “A broader impact of the project includes the ability to recruit more diverse populations, women, and underrepresented groups to The Citadel and to cybersecurity professions.”

Banik will be assisted by an interdisciplinary team of professors representing the Department of Cyber and Computer Sciences, Department of Intelligence and Security Studies, Department of Criminal Justice and The Citadel STEM Center of Excellence.

While at The Citadel, the CyberCorps® scholars will receive or participate in:

  • Full tuition scholarship for junior and senior years.
  • An annual stipend (for living expenses): $25,000 per year.
  • A professional allowance of up to $6,000 per academic year to attend the Scholarship for Service Job Fair, and fund other travel, books, or professional activities.
  • Mentorship and extracurricular activities to prepare them for cyber-related opportunities in federal, state, or tribal organizations.
  • Learning from cyber operations professionals in South Carolina in places such as the Naval Information Warfare Center (Atlantic) is located.

In turn, the cadets agree to:

  • Maintain satisfactory academic progress as determined by the CyberCorps® Scholarship for Service program.
  • Work in an executive federal agency post-graduation for the number of years of the scholarship award.
  • Complete one summer internship for at least 10 weeks, typically paid, with a government organization during the scholarship period.
  • Participate in the annual CyberCorps Job Fair, where they will engage with government recruiters.
  • Participate in cyber-related research and professional-development events, competitions and outreach activities.

New Bachelor of Science in Cyber Operations begins this fall

For the past decade, The Citadel has invested in advancing cyber security education through new programs, a dedicated cyber center, and professional partnerships. As a result, The Citadel is designated as a National Center for Academic Excellence in Cyber Defense Education by National Security Agency and Department of Homeland Security and has earned numerous awards.

The Citadel is also part of a collaboration that resulted in the 2019 National Defense Authorization Act that provides $10 million in federal funding to create U.S. Department of Defense cyber institutes at the six Senior Military Colleges in the U.S. In addition, plans are drafted to install a sensitive compartmented information facility or SCIF on campus in the next several years.

In the fall, The Citadel launches its first Bachelor of Science in Cyber Operations. Previously, students could only minor in Cyber Security while majoring in Computer Science, Intelligence and Security Studies, or Criminal Justice.

“For some, combining cyber security with another major is still a good idea. But now, a fully dedicated major in Cyber Operations will allow cadets to focus more heavily on developing cyber defense skills,” said Banik. “The state and the nation need a highly educated cyber workforce to protect our interests in this burgeoning theater of cyber warfare.”

For more information about the Bachelor of Science in Cyber Operations, or about being considered for The Citadel’s CyberCorps® Scholarship for Service program, please contact Dr. Shankar Banik at

Astronomer Saul J. Adelman, Ph.D., presented with the Albert Nelson Marquis Lifetime Achievement Award by Marquis Who’s Who Tue, 09 Jun 2020 23:00:02 +0000 The world's premier publisher of biographical profiles, is proud to present Saul J. Adelman, PhD, with the Albert Nelson Marquis Lifetime Achievement Award.]]>

Dr. Adelman has been endorsed by Marquis Who’s Who as a leader in the astronomy field

Marquis Who’s Who, the world’s premier publisher of biographical profiles, is proud to present Saul J. Adelman, PhD, with the Albert Nelson Marquis Lifetime Achievement Award. An accomplished listee, Dr. Adelman celebrates many years’ experience in his professional networks, and has been noted for achievements, leadership qualities, and the credentials and successes he has accrued in his field. As in all Marquis Who’s Who biographical volumes, individuals profiled are selected on the basis of current reference value. Factors such as position, noteworthy accomplishments, visibility, and prominence in a field are all taken into account during the selection process.

With more than five decades of excellence in his specialties, Dr. Adelman has garnered a laudable reputation as an exemplary astronomer and educator. His interest in astronomy began as a child, when he would take both early-morning bird watching trips and late-night stargazing excursions with his father. Somewhat exhausted by this schedule, his mother told the future Dr. Adelman to decide which activity to continue. He chose stargazing, and his interest in astronomy continued to grow. He attended the University of Maryland in College Park, graduating in 1966 with a Bachelor of Science in Physics with high honors and high honors in Physics and earned a Doctor of Philosophy in Astronomy at the California Institute of Technology in 1972. His thesis advisor was Dr. George W. Preston III from whom he learned much about the conduct of research. His thesis topic was “A Study of Twenty-One Sharp-lined Non-Variable Cool Peculiar A Stars” which derived their elemental abundances from spectra in the photographic region mainly taken at the 100-inch telescope of Mt. Wilson Observatory.

From the summer of 1972 until the summer of 1974, Dr. Adelman was a National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council Postdoctoral Resident Research Associate at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. His advisor was Dr. Anne B/ Underhill who had an excellent sense of the science behind the problems she investigated. He began some research projects with other astronomers and diversified his interests by studying the ultraviolet, optical ultraviolet, and visible spectral regions, each of which for a given star has some lines of different atomic species. With grating scanners he performed spectrophotometric observations and also studied the atomic physics of species of astronomical interest. Sometimes he could investigate a topic using more than one technique which enabled him to understand details in the data which otherwise would have been missed.

Between 1974 and 1978 he was an Assistant Professor of Astronomy at Boston University. There he began to involve some of his undergraduate students with his research. The work that they did had to be appropriate to their scientific skills. Their studies showed them that they could act as scientists and opened new directions for their careers. His first spectrophotometric studies of the mCP (magnetic Chemically Peculiar) stars revealed that three broad continuum features in their optical region spectrum which had been recently been discovered by others were class characteristics.

He found further success as an Assistant Professor of physics at The Citadel in 1978, and rose to become an Associate Professor in 1983, and a Professor in 1989. Dr. Adelman returned to the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center as a Senior Research Associate from the summer of 1984 to the summer of 1986. During this and the subsequent period he concentrated on the Mercury-Manganese stars which were intermediate in properties between the mCP and solar composition stars. He would continue to teach at The Citadel until 2019, when he retired and was granted Professor Emeritus status.

In the early 1980s the spectrophotometric instruments at Palomar and Kitt Peak were retired. He used previously obtained observations of normal stars to help determine their effective temperatures. After he increased the number of band passes in his later observations, he found those of the mCP stars showed considerably greater complexity.

Dr. Adelman has been the author or coauthor of 363 articles most of which have appeared in refereed professional journals, co-editor of the Proceedings of 9 scientific meetings, and seven popular articles. Forty-two of his undergraduate students were coauthors of at least one of his articles. He was the co-thesis advisor of six PhD students in Turkey and the advisor of a master’s student at Boston University.

Another major line of work was over 40 trend setting elemental abundance analyses papers made with spectrograms obtained with the coude spectrograph of the 1.22-m telescope of the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory and electronic detectors. Many were done with scientific collaborators. There were in addition auxiliary papers. They used the technique known as fine analyses. Most of the data had a signal-to-noise ratio of at least 200. An attempt was made to have a good degree of consistency among the different stellar studies. The choices of model atmospheres made use of optical region spectrophotometry. Normal stars with elemental abundances similar to the Sun of spectral types B and A with effective temperatures of 2 to 4 times that of the Sun were studied. With Drs. Aaron S. Adelman and Olga I. Pintado he showed that non-magnetic Mercury-Manganese and the cooler metallic-lined stars formed a temperature sequence.

With Dr. Austin F. Gulliver and other collaborators, he participated in a series of papers on the very bright Spectral Type A0 Va star Vega. Some of the weak lines had peculiar flat-bottomed profiles which they attributed to a fast-rotating star observed nearly pole on. Another of their studies of the bright Mercury-Manganese Star Alpha And showed that the behavior of the mercury lines in its atmosphere was due clouds.

He was initiated into the Honor Societies Phi Beta Kappa. Sigma Pi Sigma, and Phi Kappa Phi at the University of Maryland and Sigma Xi at Boston University. Later at The Citadel he helped revive its chapter of Sigma Pi Sigma. He served at the first Treasurer and later President of its Phi Kappa Phi Chapter. Further he was the Vice-President and the President of the Charleston, SC Chapter of Sigma Xi. In 2011 he was the first recipient of the Governor’s Award for Excellence in Scientific Research at a Primarily Undergraduate Institution.

He had many PhD level collaborators in his research. The most productive in terms of the increasing numbers of papers are Drs. Zulema Lopez-Garcia, Cetin Bolcal, Barry Smalley, Glenn Wahlgren, Tanya Ryabchikova, Charles R. Cowley, Robert J. Dukes, Jr., Steven N. Shore, Kutluay Yuce, Olga I. Pintado, Hulya Caliskan, Dursun Kocer, David S. Leckrone, Graham Hill, A. G. Davis Philip, Diane Pyper Smith, and Austin F. Gulliver.

Dr. Adelman’s observing experience was as a Guest Investigator at the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory in Canada and, at the Hubble Space Telescope, and as a participant in the Smarts Consortium which uses the Chiron Echelle Spectrograph on the 1.5-m telescope at Cerro Tololo Interamerican Observatory in Chile. Further he has been a Visiting Astronomer at Kitt Peak National Observatory and at Complejo Astronomico El Leoncito in Argentina. He was a Guest Investigator with the Hale Observatories, the Copernicus Satellite, the Hipparcos Satellite, and the Turkish National Observatory. He participated in the Four College Automated Photoelectric Telescope Project with Drs. Robert J. Dukes, Jr., Principal Investigator, Diane Pyper Smith, George McCook, and Edward Guinan. This telescope operated in the mountains of Southern Arizona during 1990-2012 and obtained intermediate four band Stromgren uvby photometry of bright stars. Dr. Adelman used his share of time to observe the variable mCP Stars, A-type supergiants, and cool chemically peculiar S-type stars. Primarily with Smith he better defined the rotational properties of the class of mCP Stars. He was the Associate Producer of the 1-hour television program “The Perfect Stargazer” on the South Carolina Educational Television Network in January 1990. It won a Bronze Award at the 1991 Houston International Film and Video Festival.

Dr. Adelman has been grantee of NASA, the National Science Foundation, and the Space Telescope Science Institute besides The Citadel Foundation. He was an active member of the International Astronomical Union which culminated in his being a past president of the International Astronomical Union Commission B6 Astronomical Photometry and Polarimetry. He remains a member of the International Astronomical Union, the American Astronomical Society and the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. In retirement he is continuing to work with his collaborators on Chemically Peculiar and normal main sequence band, B, A, and early F stars, coudé spectroscopy, CCD spectrophotometry, abundance analyses, line identification techniques, space astronomy, horizontal-branch stars, photoelectric photometry, automatic telescopes, S stars, and A type supergiants. He hopes to complete a new CCD based spectrophotometric telescope in the near future. He plans to make considerable progress on his family history and continue to document cemeteries in Lithuania where his ancestors are buried beyond the three he has already done with the aid of his guide Regina Kopelvitch,. Besides spending time with his family especially his two grandchildren he wants to continue improving his photographic skills of nature and architectural subjects and travel to see the sights of the world.

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